Knowing Scripture is the best book for anyone who wants to seriously learn how to study the Bible. It is written by R C Sproul, nearly 30 years ago, but it still remains the best introductory book in this category till date. There are other books like How to Study the Bible for all Your Worth by Fee & Stuart and How to Study the Bible by Richard Mayhue and some others, but this is the best book for beginners.
R C Sproul begins with the presenting the case for studying the bible, and then moves to a Protestant concept called Private Interpretation. His main point is that the privilege for private interpretation is not a license for incorrect and shabby interpretation. He then gives simple rules on how to study the various genre of literature found in the Bible – Narrative, Didactic, Poetry, Laws, Proverbs and Apocalypse. Each of these rules are well explained and very easy to understand.
He finally finishes the book by giving us guidelines on where to draw the line between the cultural particularity and the eternal relevance of the Bible. He also mentions the tools that are indispenable for bible study like Bible Dictionaries, Commentaries, Softwares etc.
All in all, a great book by a great Scholar. Any serious student of the Bible will be benifited by reading this book.